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Financial Accounting Part 1
1. Introduction to Accounting
2. Theory of Base Accounting
3. Recording of Transaction -I
4. Recording of Transaction -II
5. Bank of Reconcilation Statement
6. Trial Balance & Rectification Error
7.Descrions, Provisions, & Resewrves
8. Bill of EXchange
Unit 1: Introduction to Accounting
external users of Accounting information and their needs.
understandability and comparability.
Unit 2: Theory Base of Accounting
Unit 3: Recording of Business Transactions
Unit 4: Trial Balance and Rectification of Errors
Unit 5: Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves
Unit 6: Accounting for Bills of Exchange Transactions
Part B: Financial Accounting - II
Unit 7: Financial Statements
Unit 8: Accounts from incomplete records
Incomplete records : meaning, uses and limitations. Ascertainment of profit/loss by statementof affairs method, conversion method.
Unit 9: Computers in Accounting
- Automation of accounting process, designing accounting reports, MISreporting, data exchange with other information systems
Unit 10: Accounting and Database System
Recommended text books
1. Accountancy Part - I, Published by NCERT
2. Accountancy Part - II – do –
Biology Practicals for CLASS 11th
|Units Marks : 30||Marks|
|1. Experiments and spotting
2. Record of one investigatory project and Viva based on the project
3. Class record and Viva based on experiments
A. List of Experiments
B. Study/observation of the following (spotting)
Class XI (Theory)
One Paper 3 Hours 70 Marks
|1. Diversity in living world
2. Structural organization in animals and plants
3. Cell: Structure and function
4. Plant physiology
5. Human Physiology
I -Diversity in Living World
Diversity of living organisms
Classification of the living organisms (five kingdom classification, major groups and principles of classification within each kingdom). Systematics and binomial System of nomenclature
Salient features of animal (non-chordates up to phylum level and chordates up to class level) and plant (major groups; Angiosperms up to class) classification, viruses, viroids, lichens Botanical gardens, herbaria, zoological parks and museums.
II -Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
Tissues in animals and plants.Morphology, anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed.
Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of an annelid (earthworm), an insect (cockroach) and an amphibian (frog).
III -CELL: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Cell: Cell theory; Prokanyotic and encaryotic cell, cell wall, cell membrane and cell organelles' (plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies/dictyosomes, ribosomes, lysosomes, vacuoles, centrioles) and nuclear organization.
Mitosis, meiosis, cell cycle.Basic chemical constituents of living bodies.Structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.Enzymes: types, properties and function.
IV -Plant Physiology
Movement of water, food, nutrients and gases, Plants and Water Mineral nutrition, Respiration, Photosynthesis, Plant growth and development.
V Human Physiology
Digestion and absorption.
Breathing and respiration.
Body fluids and circulation.
Excretory products and elimination.
Locomotion and movement.
Neural control and coordination,
chemical coordination and regulation.
|Evaluation Scheme for xamination||Marks|
Content Based Experiment
Class Record and Viva
A. Basic Laboratory Techniques
B. Characterization and purification of chemical substances
C. Experiments related to pH change
D. Chemical equilibrium
E. Quantitative estimation
G. Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, Chlorine
A Few suggested Projects
Class XI (Theory)
One Paper Time: 3 Hours 70 marks
Some Basic concepts of chemistry
Structure of Atom
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Chemical Bonding and molecular Structure
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Some P-Block Elements
Organic Chemistry: some basic Principles and Techniques Hydrocarbons
Unit: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
General Introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry.
Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination. Dalton's atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
Atomic and molecular masses mole concept and molar mass: percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
Unit II: Structure of Atom
Discovery of electron, proton and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Thomson's model and its limitations, Rutherford's model and its limitations. Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.
Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii. Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electro negativity, valence.
Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond: bond parameters. Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital; theory of homo nuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond.
Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Three states of matter. Intermolecular interactions, type of bonding, melting and boiling points. Role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law. Charles
law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law. Ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro's number. Ideal gas equation. Derivation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
Liquid State - Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).
Unit VI: Thermodynamics
Concepts Of System, types of systems, surroundings. Work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions.
First law of thermodynamics - internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess's law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation. Phase transformation, ionization, and solution.
Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium.
Unit VII: Equilibrium
Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium - Le Chatelier's principle; ionic equilibrium - ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, concept of pH. Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea). Buffer solutions, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
Unit VIII: Redox Reactions
Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, applications of redox reactions.
Unit IX : Hydrogen
Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides - ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, properties and structure; hydrogen as a fuel.
Unit X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
Group 1 and Group 2 elements:
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
Preparation and properties of some important compounds: Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate,
biological importance of sodium and potassium. CaO, CaCO3
and industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca
Unit XI: Some p-Block Elements
General Introduction to p-Block Elements
Group 13 elements:
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. Variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron- physical and chemical properties, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
Group 14 elements:
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element, Carbon - catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: oxides.
Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites.
Unit XII: Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Techniques
General introduction, methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions
Unit XIII: Hydrocarbons
Classification of hydrocarbons
Alkanes - Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
Alkenes - Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene) geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation; chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov's addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes - Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties. Methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of - hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene: resonance aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. - nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation: directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Unit XIV: Environmental Chemistry
Environmental pollution - air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming - pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.
Paper 1 3 Hours 100 Marks
|Part A : Statistics for Economics
2. Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data
3. Statistical Tools and Interpretation
4. Developing Projects in Economics
|Part B: Indian Economic Development
5. Development Policies and Experience (1947-90)
6. Economic Reforms since 1991
7. Current Challenges facing Indian Economy
8. Development experience of India-A
comparison with neighbours
Part A : Statistics for Economics
In this course, the learners are expected to acquire skills in collection, organisation and presentation of quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to various simple economic aspects systematically. It also intends to provide some basic statistical tools to analyse, and interpret any economic information and draw appropriate inferences. In this process, the learners are also expected to understand the behaviour of various economic data.
Unit 1: Introduction
What is Economics?
Meaning, scope and importance of statistics in Economics
Unit 2: Collection, Organisation and Presentation of data
Collection of data - sources of data - primary and secondary; how basic data is collected; methods of collecting data; Some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation.Organisation of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution.
Presentation of Data: Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data: (i) Geometric forms (bar diagrams and pie diagrams), (ii) Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and ogive) and (iii) Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph).
Unit 3: Statistical Tools and Interpretation
(For all the numerical problems and solutions, the appropriate economic interpretation may be attempted. This means, the students need to solve the problems and provide interpretation for the results derived)Measures of Central Tendency- mean (simple and weighted), median and modeMeasures of Dispersion - absolute dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation); relative dispersion (co-efficient of quartile-deviation, co-efficient of mean deviation, co-efficient of variation); Lorenz Curve: Meaning and its application.Correlation - meaning, scatter diagram; Measures of correlation - Karl Pearson's method (two variables ungrouped data) Spearman's rank correlation.Introduction to Index Numbers - meaning, types - wholesale price index, consumer price index and index of industrial production, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers.
Unit 4: Developing Projects in Economics
The students may be encouraged to develop projects, which have primary data, secondary data or both. Case studies of a few organisations / outlets may also be encouraged. Some of the examples of the projects are as follows (they are not mandatory but suggestive):
(i) A report on demographic structure of your neighborhood;
(ii) Consumer awareness amongst households
(iii) Changing prices of a few vegetables in your market
(iv) Study of a cooperative institution: milk cooperatives
The idea behind introducing this unit is to enable the students to develop the ways and means by which a project can be developed using the skills learned in the course. This includes all the steps involved in designing a project starting from choosing a title, exploring the information relating to the title, collection of primary and secondary data, analysing the data, presentation of the project and using various statistical tools and their interpretation and conclusion.
Part B: Indian Economic Development
Unit 5: Development Policies and Experience (1947-90):
A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence. Common goals of Five Year Plans.Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy, etc.), industry (industrial licensing, etc,) and foreign trade.
Unit 6: Economic Reforms since 1991
:Need and main features - liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation;An appraisal of LPG policies
Unit 7: Current challenges facing Indian Economy:
Poverty- absolute and relative; Main programmes for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment; Rural development: Key issues - credit and marketing - role of cooperatives; agricultural diversification; alternative farming - organic farming Human Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development; Growth of Education Sector in India Employment: Growth, informalisation and other issues: Problems and policiesInfrastructure: Meaning-and Types: Case Studies: Energy and Health: Problems and Policies- A critical assessment;Sustainable Economic Development:Meaning; Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment.
Unit 8: Development Experience of India:
A comparison with neighbours India and Pakistan India and China
One Paper Three Hours Max Marks. 100
|I. SETS AND FUNCTIONS
III. COORDINATE GEOMETRY
V. MATHEMATICAL REASONING
VI. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
UNIT-I: SETS AND FUNCTIONS
3. Trigonometric Functions:
1. Principle of Mathematical Induction:
2. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations:
3. Linear Inequalities:
4. Permutations & Combinations:
5. Binomial Theorem:
6. Sequence and Series:
UNIT-III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
UNIT-V: MATHEMATICAL REASONING
1. Mathematical Reasoning:
UNIT-VI: STATISTICS & PROBABILITY